linux下nginx安装及简单使用教程

(一)1.使用yum安装nginx,如下图。显示安装成功。

yum install nginx

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2.首先我们查看一下nginx的版本,yum默认安装的版本是1.12.2

nginx -v

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3.启动一下nginx看一下,没有任何提示信息,表明我们启动成功了。

nginx

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4.查看一下端口可知,nginx默认的端口号是80端口。

netstat -ntlp

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5.访问一下安装nginx的电脑ip地址,出现以下界面表示启动成功了。
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以下是Nginx的默认路径:

(1) Nginx配置路径:/etc/nginx/

(2) PID目录:/var/run/nginx.pid

(3) 错误日志:/var/log/nginx/error.log

(4) 访问日志:/var/log/nginx/access.log

(5) 默认站点目录:/usr/share/nginx/html

6.我们看一下nginx的配置文件,不知道位置的情况下使用find命令检索一下电脑

find / -name nginx.conf

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cat /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

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# For more information on configuration, see:
#   * Official English Documentation: http://nginx.org/en/docs/
#   * Official Russian Documentation: http://nginx.org/ru/docs/

user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
pid /run/nginx.pid;

# Load dynamic modules. See /usr/share/nginx/README.dynamic.
include /usr/share/nginx/modules/*.conf;

events {
    worker_connections 1024;
}

http {
    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;

    sendfile            on;
    tcp_nopush          on;
    tcp_nodelay         on;
    keepalive_timeout   65;
    types_hash_max_size 2048;

    include             /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type        application/octet-stream;

    # Load modular configuration files from the /etc/nginx/conf.d directory.
    # See http://nginx.org/en/docs/ngx_core_module.html#include
    # for more information.
    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

    server {
        listen       80 default_server;
        listen       [::]:80 default_server;
        server_name  _;
        root         /usr/share/nginx/html;

        # Load configuration files for the default server block.
        include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;

        location / {
        }

        error_page 404 /404.html;
            location = /40x.html {
        }

        error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
            location = /50x.html {
        }
    }

# Settings for a TLS enabled server.
#
#    server {
#        listen       443 ssl http2 default_server;
#        listen       [::]:443 ssl http2 default_server;
#        server_name  _;
#        root         /usr/share/nginx/html;
#
#        ssl_certificate "/etc/pki/nginx/server.crt";
#        ssl_certificate_key "/etc/pki/nginx/private/server.key";
#        ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m;
#        ssl_session_timeout  10m;
#        ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
#        ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
#
#        # Load configuration files for the default server block.
#        include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;
#
#        location / {
#        }
#
#        error_page 404 /404.html;
#            location = /40x.html {
#        }
#
#        error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
#            location = /50x.html {
#        }
#    }

}

注:nginx常用相关命令

nginx -v         #查看版本
nginx            #启动命令
nginx -s stop    #停止
nginx -t         #修改完nginx.conf后检查语法是否正确
nginx -s -reload #重启(修改完配置文件可以使用此命令重新加载配置文件)
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